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THD References

Meals That Heal Inflammation

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 Chapter 16Liver Herbs & NACIntermittent FastingYogapH Balance


Chapter 1


  1. Albright, J.F., and R.A. Goldstein. 1996. Airborne pollutants and the immune system. Otolaryngoly-Head and Neck Surgery. 114(2): 232-238.
  2. Allen, J., M. Montalto, J. Lovejoy, and W. Weber W. 2011. Detoxification in naturopathic medicine: a survey. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 17(12): 1175-80.
  3. Arnett T. “Extracellular pH regulates bone cell function” The Journal of Nutrition (2008); 138: 4155-4185.
  4. Baillie-Hamilton, P.F. 2002. Chemical toxins: a hypothesis to explain the global obesity epidemic. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 8(2): 185-192.
  5. Beasley, J.D., and J.J. Swift. 1989. Institute of Health Policy and Practice, The Bard College Center.  Annandale-on-Hudson, New York , 4: 171. 4:171.
  6. Beinfield H. Korngold E. Between Heaven and Earth. New York; Ballantine Books, 1991. Print.
  7. Bland J., Barrager E., Reedy R., Bland K. “Medical food supplemented detoxification program in the management of chronic health problems”. Altern Ther Health Med. (1995); 1: 62-71.
  8. Butler L., Sinha R., Millikan R., Martin C., Newman B., Gammon M., Ammerman A., Sandler R. “Heterocyclic amines, meat intake, and association with colon cancer in a population-based study” American Journal of Epidemiology. (2003); 157: 434-445.
  9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1998. “Helicobacter pylori: Fact Sheet for Health Care Providers.” Atlanta: CDC. Available from
  10. Chan D.  “Chinese Nutrition by Food Group.”  
  11. Cohen M. 1996. The Chinese Way to Healing: Many Paths to Wholeness. New York: Berkley Publishing Group.
  12. Colbin A. Food and Healing. New York; Ballantine Books, 1986. Print.
  13. Conaway C., Getahun S, Liebes L., Pusateri D., Topham D., Botero-Omary M., Chun F. “Disposition of Glucosinolates and Sulforaphane in Humans After ingestion of Steamed and Fresh Broccoli” Nutrition and Cancer (2000): 38; 168-178.
  14. Coronado-González, J.A., L.M. Del Razo, G. García-Vargas, F. Sanmiguel-Salazar, and J. Escobedo-de la Peña. 2007. Inorganic arsenic exposure and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexico. Environmental Research. 104(3): 383-389.
  15. Gao D. 2013. Traditional Chinese Medicine: The Complete Guide to Acupressure, Acupuncture, Chinese Herbal Medicine, Food Cures, and Qi Gong. London: Carlton Books.
  16. Hedren E., Diaz V., Svanberg U. “Estimation of carotenoid accessibility from carrots determined by an in vitro digestion method” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2002); 56: 425-430.
  17. Huang, C.F., Y.W. Chen, C.Y. Yang, K.S. Tsai, R.S. Yang, and S.H. Liu. 2011. Arsenic and diabetes: current perspectives. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. 27(9): 402-410.
  18. Jarvis M., Briggs S., Knox J. “Intercellular adhesion and cell separation in plants” Plant, Cell, and Environment (2003); 26: 977-989.
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  20. Klein A., Kiat H. “Detox diets for toxin elimination and weight management: a critical review of the evidence”. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. (2014); 28(6); 1-12.
  21. Kilburn, K.H., R.H. Warsaw, and M.G. Shields. 1989. Neurobehavioral dysfunction in firemen exposed to polycholorinated biphenyls (PCBs): possible improvement after detoxification. Archives of Environmental Health. 44(6): 345-250.
  22. Lamb, J.J., V.R. Konda, D.W. Quig, A. Desai, D.M. Minich, L. Bouillon, J.L. Chang, A. Hsi, R.H. Lerman,  J. Kornberg, J.S. Bland, and M.L. Tripp. A program consisting of a phytonutrient-rich medical food and an elimination diet ameliorated fibromyalgia symptoms and promoted toxic-element detoxification in a pilot trial. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. (2011): 17(2): 36-44.
  23. Lane, R. 2011. Day 13: Why consider a Spring Detox? Retrieved from:
  24. Lim, S., Y.M. Cho, K.S. Park, and H.K. Lee. 2010. Persistent organic pollutants, mitochondrial dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1201: 166-176.
  25. Liska, D.J. 1998. The detoxification enzyme systems. Alternative Medicine Review. 3(3): 187-198.
  26. Mishra V. 2013. Xenoestrogens: The curse of civilization. Chapter 185 in Medicine Update 2013. Association of Physicians of India. Mumbao, India: 815-820.
  27. Mlynek, V., and A. Skoczyńska. 2005. The proinflammatory activity of cadmium. Advances in Hygiene and Experimental Medicine. 59:1-8.
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  29. Navas-Acien, A., E.K. Silbergeld, R. Pastor-Barriuso, and E. Guallar. 2008. Arsenic exposure and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in US adults. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 300(7): 814-822.
  30. Obtułowicz, K. 2001. Environmental pollutants and allergy diseases. Przegl Lek. 58(4): 204-207.
  31. Page, L. 2008. Healthy Healing’s Detoxification: Programs to Cleanse, Purify & Renew. Healthy Healing Enterprises, L.L.C.: Eden Prairie, MN.
  32. Pappas A. “The relationship of diet and acne”. Dermatoendocrinology. (2009); 1: 262-267.
  33. Percival, M. 1997. Nutritional support for detoxification. Applied Nutritional Science Reports. Retrieved from:
  34. Pitchford P. 2002. Healing with Whole Foods: Asian Traditions and Modern Nutrition. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
  35. Schnare, D.W., G. Denk, M. Shields, and S. Brunton. 1982. Evaluation of a detoxification regimen for fat stored xenobiotics. Medical Hypotheses. 9(3): 265-282.
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  37. Schwalfenberg G. “The Alkaline Diet: is there evidence that an alkaline pH diet benefits health?” Journal of Environmental and Public Health. (2012); 6: 1-12.
  38. “Sulforaphane Glucosinolate Monograph” Journal of Alt Med Review (2010); 15: 352-360.
  39. Tierra M., and Tierra L. 1998. Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine, Volume 1: Diagnosis and Treatment. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press.
  40. Unlu N., Bohn T., Clinton S., Schwartz S. “Carotenoid absorption from salad and salsa by humans is enhanced by the addition of avocado or avocado oil” American Society for Nutritional Sciences (2005): 135(3);431-436.
  41. Van het Hof K., West C., Westrate J., Hautvast J. “Dietary Factors that affect the bioavailability of carotenoids” Journal of Nutrition (2000);130:503-506.
  42. Vereczkey, L., K. Jemnitz, and Z. Gregus. 1998. Human drug metabolizing enzymes. II. Conjugation enzymes. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica. 68(5): 284-288.
  43. Verhagen M., Luijk H., Samsom M., Smout A. “Effect of meal temperature on the frequency of gastric myoelectrical activity” Neurogastroenterol Mot. (1998); 10: 175-181.
  44. Vormann J., Remer T. “Dietary, metabolic, physiologic, and disease-related aspects of acid-base balance: foreword to the contributions of the second international acid-base symposium” The Journal of Nutrition. (2008); 138:4135-4145.
  45. Zinn A., Palmer B. “Unconventional Wisdom about the obesity epidemic”. American Journal of Medical Sciences. (2010); 340: 481-491.
  46. Zmrzljak, U.P., and D. Rozman. 2012. Circadian regulation of the hepatic endobiotic and xenobitoic detoxification pathways: the time matters. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 25(4): 811-824.


Chapter 2


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  5. Bassioni G., Korin A., Salama A. “Stainless steel as a source of potential hazard due to metal leaching into beverages”. Int J Electrochem Sci. (2015); 10: 3792-3802.
  6. Bergqvist S., Sandberg A., Carlsson N., Andlid T. “Improved iron solubility in carrot juice fermented by homo-and-hetero-fermentative lactic acid bacteria”. Food Microbiology. (2005); 22: 53-61.
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Chapter 3


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Chapter 7


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Chapter 8 & Chapter 9


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  3. Bland, J. E. (1995). A Medical Food-Supplemented Detoxification Program in the Management of Chronic Health Problems. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 1(5), 62-71.  
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Chapter 10 & Chapter 11


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Chapter 12


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  47. USDA. “National nutrient database for standard reference release: seeds, chia seeds, dried”.
  48. Van Vijven J., Luijsterburg P., Verhagen A., van Osch G., Kloppenburg M., Bierma-Zeinstra S. “Symptomatic and chondroprotective treatment with collagen derivatives in osteoarthritis: a systematic review”. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. (2012); 20: 809-821.
  49. Verma S., Jain V., Singh D. “Effect of Pueraria tuberosa DC on Blood Pressure, Fibrinolysis and Oxidative stress in patients with Stage 1 hypertension”. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. (2012); 15: 742-747.
  50. Wang Y., Cheng M., Zhang B., Mu M., Wu J. “Effect of blueberry on hepatic fibrosis and transcription factor Nrf2 in rats”. World Journal of Gastroenterology. (2010); 16: 2657-2663.
  51. Yi G., Khan Robin A., Yang K., Park J., Kang J., Yang T., Nou I. “Identification and expression analysis of glucosinolate biosynthetic genes and estimation of glucosinolate contents in edible organs of Brassica oleracea subspecies”. Molecules. (2015); 20: 13089-13111.



Part III : Chapter 13


  1. Agah S., Taleb A., Moeini R., Gorji N., Nikbakht H. “Cumin extract for symptom control in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a case series”. Middle East Journal of Digestive Disease. (2013); 5: 217-222.
  2. Akamatsu S., Watanabe A., Tamesada M., Nakamura R., Hayashi S., Kodama D., Kawase M., Yagi K. “Hepatoprotective effect of extracts from Lentinus edodes mycelia on dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver injury”. Biol Pharm Bull. (2004); 27: 1957-1960.
  3. Aschner J., Aschner M. “Nutritional aspects of manganese homeostasis”. Molecular Aspects of Medicine. (2005); 26: 353-362.
  4. Barbara O. Rennard, Chicken Soup Inhibits Neutrophil Chemotaxis;
  5. Brunton PJ, Sausbier M, Wietzorrek G, Sausbier U, Knaus H-G, Russell JA, Ruth P, Shipston MJ. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hyporesponsiveness to restraint stress in mice deficient for large-conductance calcium- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channels. Endocrinology. 2007;148:5496–5506.
  6. Cazareth J., Guyon A., Heurteaux C., Chabry J., Petit-Paitel A. “Molecular and cellular neuroinflammatory status of mouse brain after systemic lipopolysaccharide challenge: importance of CCR2/CCL2 signaling”. Journal of Neuroinflammation. (2014); 11: 1-15.
  7. Ceccarelli N., Curadi M., Picciarelli P., Martelloni L., Sbrana C., Giovannetti M. “Globe artichoke as a functional food”.  Mediterr J Nutr Metab. (2010); 3: 197-201.
  8. Fallon S. “Broth is beautiful”. Weston A Price Foundation. 2000.
  9. Franklin M. Halley, Self-regulation of the immune system through biobehavioral strategies. APPLIED PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOFEEDBACK; Volume 16, Number 1, 55-74.
  10. Ghosh D., Konishi T. “Anthocyanins and anthocyanin-rich extracts: role in diabetes and eye function”. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. (2007); 16: 200-208.
  11. Grammas P. “Neurovascular dysfunction, inflammation and endothelial activation: implications for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease”. Journal of Neuroinflammation. (2011); 8: 1-12.
  12. Heath, John C., Kelly M. Banna, Miranda N. Reed, Erin F. Pesek, Nathan Cole, Jun Li, and M. Christopher Newland. "Dietary selenium protects against selected signs of aging and methylmercury exposure." Neurotoxicology 31, no. 2 (2010): 169-179.
  13. Heitzmann D, et al. Invalidation of TASK1 potassium channels disrupts adrenal gland zonation and mineralocorticoid homeostasis. EMBO J. 2008;27:179–187.
  14. Lansley, KE, Winyard, Paul G., Bailey, Stephen J., Vanhatalo, Annie, Wilkerson, Daryl P., Blackwell, Jamie R., Gilchrist M., Benjamin, Nigel, and Jones, Andrew M. Acute dietary nitrate supplementation improves cycling time trial performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011; 43(6): 1125-1131.
  15. Lieznerska B., Szaefer H., Murias M., Bartoszek A., Baer-Dubowska W. “Modulation of CYP19 expression by cabbage juices and their active components: indole-3-carbinol and 3,3- diindolylmethene in human breast epithelial cell lines”. Eur J Nutr. (2013); 52: 1483-1492.
  16. Omar S. “Olive: Native of Mediterranean region and health benefits”. Pharmacognosy Reviews. (2008); 2: 135-142.
  17. Parcell S., “Sulfur in human nutrition and applications in medicine”. Alt Med Review. (2002); 7: 22-44.
  18. Phillips KM, Rasor AS, Ruggio DM, et al. Folate content of different edible portions of vegetables and fruits. Nutrition & Food Science 2008, 38(2):175-181. 2008.
  19. Purup S., Larsen E., Christensen L. “Differential Effects of falcarinol and related aliphatic C17-polyacetylenes on intestinal cell proliferation”. J Agric Food Chem. (2009); 57: 8290-8296.
  20. Raja Mohd Hafid R., Yaakob C., Amin I., Noorfaizan A. “Chemical and functional properties of bovine and porcine skin gelatin”. International Food Research Journal. (2011); 18: 813-817.
  21. Rather M., Dar B., Sofi S., Bhat B., Qurishi M. “Foeniculum vulgare: a comprehensive review of its traditional use, phytichemistry, pharmacology, and safety”. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. (2012); 1-10.
  22. Rayman M. “The importance of selenium to human health”. The Lancet. (2000); 356: 233-241.
  23. Rennard, "Chicken Soup Inhibits Neutrophil Chemotaxis In Vitro*" Chest Journal 2000 118:1150-1157
  24. Riedl M., Saxon A., Diaz-Sanchez D. “Oral sulforaphane increases phase II antioxidant enzymes in the human upper airway”. Clin Immunol. (2009); 130: 244-251.
  25. Rogers D., “Mucoactive agents for airway mucus hypersecretory diseases”. Respiratory Care. (2007); 52: 1176-1197.
  26. Saketkhoo K, Effects of drinking hot water, cold water, and turkey soup on nasal mucus velocity and nasal airflow resistance. Chest Journal. (1978); 74: 408-410.
  27. Sasidharan S., Aravindran S., Yoga Latha L., Vijenthi R., Saravanan D., Amutha S. “In vitro antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effects of Lentinula edodes against paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity”. Molecules. (2010); 15: 4478-4489.
  28. Shim Y., Gui B., Arnison P., Wang Y., Reaney M. “Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) bioactive compounds and peptide nomenclature: a review”. Trends in Food Science and Technology. (2014); 38: 5-20.
  29. Soldin O., Aschner M. “Effects of manganese on thyroid hormone homeostasis”. Neurotoxicology. (2007); 28: 951-956.
  30. “Sulforaphane Glucosinolate Monograph”. Alternative Medicine Review. (2010); 15: 352-360.
  31. Szaefer H., Krajka-Kuzniak V., Bartoszek A., Baer-Dubowska W. “Modulation of carcinogen metabolizing cytochromes P450 in rat liver and kidney by cabbage and sauerkraut juices: comparison with the effects of indole-3-carbinol and phenethyl isothiocyanate”. Phytother Res. (2012); 26: 1148-1155.
  32. Thomas D., “The mineral depletion of foods available to us as a nation (1940-2002)”. Nutrition and Health. (2007); 19: 21-55
  33. USDA. “Artichokes, (globe or french), raw”. National Nutirent Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  34. USDA. “Cauliflower, raw”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  35. USDA. “Nuts, almond butter, plain”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  36. USDA. “Olives, ripe, canned”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  37. Verlaet A., Norlega D., Hermans N., Savelkoul H. “Nutrition, immunological mechanisms and dietary immunomodulation in ADHD”. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. (2014); 1-11.
  38. Wang L., Stoner G. “Anthocyanins and their role in cancer prevention”. Cancer Lett. (2008); 8: 281-290.
  39. Zaura E., Brandt B., Joost Teixeira de Mattos M., Bujis M., Caspers M., Rashid M., Weintraub A., Nord C., Savell A., Hu Y., Coates A., Hubank M., Spratt D., Wilson M., Keijser B., Crielaard W. “Same exposure but two radically different responses to antibiotics: resilience of the salivary microbiome versus long-term microbial shifts in feces”. mBio. (2015); 6: 1-11.
  40. Zheng G., Kenney P., Lam L. “Anethofuran, carvone, and limonene: potential cancer chemipreventive agents from dill weed oil and caraway oil”. Planta Med. (1992); 58: 338-341.



Chapter 14


  1. Al-Sereitia MR, Abu-Amerb KM, Sena P 1999. Pharmacology of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and its therapeutic potentials. Indian. J Exp Biol 37: 124-131.
  2. Balder HF et al. Heme and Chlorophyll Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Netherlands Cohort Study. Cancer Epid. Biomarker Prev. (2006); 15(4): 7171-25.
  3. Childers, N. F., and M. S. Margoles. "An apparent relation of nightshades (Solanaceae) to arthritis." JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL AND ORTHOPAEDIC MEDICINE AND SURGERY 14 (1993): 227-227.
  4. Chinou I. “Assessment report on Cynara scolymus L., folium”. European Medicines Agency. (2011).
  5. Clifford T., Howatson G., West D., Stevenson E. “The potential benefits of red beetroot supplementation in health and disease”. Nutrients. (2015); 7: 2801-2822.
  6. Da Silva Dias J. “Nutritional and health benefits of carrots and their seed extracts”. Food and Nutrition Sciences. (2014); 5: 2147-2156.
  7. Dreher M., Davenport A. “Hass avocado composition and potential health effects”. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. (2013); 53: 738-750.
  8. Eat Right Ontario. “What are hemp seeds? Are they good for you?”. 2014.
  9. Gropper S., Smith J. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism. Wadsworth Cengage Learning: California. 2013. Print.
  10. Head K., Kelly G. “Nutrients and botanicals for treatment of stress: adrenal fatigue, neurotransmitter imbalance, anxiety, and restless sleep”. Alternative Medicine Review. (2009); 14: 114-140.
  11. Higdon J., Delage B., Williams D., Dashwood R. “Cruciferous vegetables and human cancer risk: epidemiologic evidence and mechanistic basis”. Pharmacol Res. (2007); 55: 224-236.
  12. Holtmann, G., B. Adam, S. Haag, W. Collet, E. Grünewald, and T. Windeck. "Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: A six‐week placebo‐controlled, double‐blind, multicentre trial." Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics 18, no. 11‐12 (2003): 1099-1105.
  13. Jain, Sushil K., Robert McVie, and Tiney Smith. "Vitamin E supplementation restores glutathione and malondialdehyde to normal concentrations in erythrocytes of type 1 diabetic children." Diabetes Care 23, no. 9 (2000): 1389-1394.
  14. Kreydiyyeh S., Usta J. “Diuretic effect and mechanism of action of parsley”. J. Ethnopharmacol. (2002); 79: 353-357.
  15. Li T., Liu G., Duan M., Liu J. “Radish phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase provides protection against hydroperoxide-mediates injury in mouse 3T3 fibroblasts”. BMB Reports. (2009); 648-654.
  16. Marton M., Mandoki Z., Csapo-Kiss Z., Csapo J. “The role of sprouts in human nutrition: a review”. Acta Univ Sapientiae Alimentaria. (2010); 81-117.
  17. Meamarbashi A., Rajabi A. “The effects of peppermint on exercise performance”. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. (2013); 10: 1-6
  18. Mora J., Iwata M. “Vitamin effects on the immune system: vitamins A and D take centre stage”. Nat Rev Immunol. (2008); 8: 685-698.
  19. Palaniswamy Kalaiselvia, Krishnaswamy Rajashreeb, Lohanathan Bharathi Priyaa, Viswanadha Vijaya Padmaa “Cytoprotective effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate against deoxynivalenol-induced toxicity through anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory mechanisms in HT-29 cells” Food and Chemical Toxicology (2013), 56: 110–118.
  20. Phitak T., Pothacharoen P., Settakorn J., Poompimol W., Caterson B., Kongtawelert P. “Chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of sesamin”. Phytochemistry. (2012); 80: 77-88.
  21. Ruperez P. “Mineral content of edible marine seaweeds”. Food Chemistry. (2002); 79: 23-26.
  22. Silva J. Bianco S. “Thyroid-adrenergic interactions: physiological and clinical implications”. Thyroid. (2008); 18: 157-165.
  23. Uto T., Hou D., Morinaga O., Shoyama Y. “Molecular mechanisms underlying anti-inflammatory actions of 6-methylsulfinyl hexyl isothiocyanate derived from wasabi”. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences. (2012); 1-8.
  24. Zingg, J.M. “Modulation of signal transduction by vitamin E.” Mol. Aspects Med. (2007); 28: 481-506.



Chapter 15


  1. Altman R., Marcussen K. “Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis”. Arthritis Rheum. (2001); 44:2531-2538.
  2. Alvarez-Jubete L., Wijngaard H., Arendt E., Gallagher E. “Polyphenol composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of amaranth, quinoa, buckwheat, and wheat as affected by sprouting and baking.” Food Chemistry. (2010); 119: 770-778.
  3. Chandak R, Devdhe S and Changediya V. Evaluation of anti-histaminic activity ofaqueous extract of ripe olives of olea-europea. Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research Year: 2009 Vol: 2 Issue: 3 Pages/record No.: 416-420. 2009.
  4. Crivello N., Casseus S., Peterson J., Smith D., Booth S. “Age and brain-region-specific effects of dietary vitamin K on myelin sulfatides”. J Nutr Chem. (2010); 21: 1083-1088.
  5. Cruz-Correa M., Shoskes D., Sanchez P., Zhao R., Hylind L., Wexner S., Giardiello F. “Combination treatment with curcumin and quercetin of adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis”. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. (2006); 4: 1-4.
  6. Kruma Z., Andelkovic M., Verhe R., Kreisbergs V. “Phenolic compounds in basil, oregano, and thyme”. FoodBalt. (2008); 99-103.
  7. Lv D., Zhu C., Liu L. “Sesamin ameliorates oxidative liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in rat”. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. (2015); 8: 5733-5738.
  8. Moss M. “Effect of molybdenum on pain and general health: a pilot study”. Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. (1995); 5: 55-61.
  9. Prasad N., Sanjay K., Prasad D., Vijay N., Kothari R., Swamy N. “A review on nutritional and nutraceutical properties of sesame”. J Nutr Food Sci. (2012); 2: 1-6.
  10. Repo-Carrasco-Valencia R, Hellstrom JK, Pihlava JM et al. Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in Andean indigenous grains: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) and kiwichi (Amaranthus caudatus). Food Chemistry, Volume 120, Issue 1, 1 May 2010, Pages 128-133. 2010.
  11. Tsukahara, T. Fungicidal action of caprylic acid for Candida albicans. Japan J Microbiol 1961;5:383-394
  12. USDA. “Cabbage, chinese, raw”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  13. USDA. “Peas, edible-podded, raw”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  14. Visioli F, Wolfram R, Richard D et al. Olive phenolics increase glutathione levels in healthy volunteers. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Mar 11;57(5):1793-6. 2009.
  15. Wach A., Pyrzynska K., Biesaga M. “Quercetin content in some food and herbal samples”. Food Chemistry. (2007); 100: 699-704



Chapter 16


  1. Eat Right Ontario. “What are hemp seeds? Are they good for you?”. 2014.
  2. Kumar S., Bhowmik D., Umadevi M. “Traditional and Medicinal uses of banana”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. (2012); 1: 51-63.
  3. “Vitamin B6” National Institutes of Health. 2011.
  4. USDA. “Nuts, almonds”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  5. USDA. “Pears, raw”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
  6. USDA. “Seeds, chia seeds, dried”. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.



Liver Herbs & NAC


  1. Atkuri KR, Mantovani JJ, Herzenberg LA. “N-Acetyl cysteine—a safe antidote for cysteine/glutathione deficiency”. Curr Opin Pharmacol. (2007);7(4):355-9.
  2. Asghar Z., Masood Z. “Evaluation of antioxidant properties of silymarin and its potential to inhibit peroxyl radicals in vitro”. Pak J Pharm Sci. (2008); 21: 249-254.
  3. Balansky R, Ganchev G, Iltcheva M, Steele VE, De Flora S. “Prevention of cigarette smoke-induced lung tumors in mice by budesonide, phenethyl isothiocyanate, and N-acetyl cysteine”. Int J Cancer. (2010); 126(5):1047-54.
  4. Blesa S, Cortijo J, Mata M, et al. “Oral N-acetyl cysteine attenuates the rat pulmonary inflammatory response to antigen”. Eur Respir J. (2003);21(3):394-400.
  5. Chan Y., Cheng L., Wu J., Chan E., Kwan Y., Lee S., Leung G., Yu P., Chan S. “A review of the pharmacological effects of Arctium lappa (burdock). Inflammopharmacol. (2010): 1-10.
  6. Choi U., Lee O., Yim J., Cho C., Rhee Y., Lim S., Kim Y. “Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) root and leaf on cholesterol-fed rabbits”. Int J Mol Sci. (2010); 11: 67-78.
  7. Chun LJ, Tong MJ, Busuttil RW, Hiatt JR. “Acetaminophen hepatotoxicity and acute liver failure”. J Clin Gastroenterol. (2009);43(4):342-9.
  8. De Benedetto F, Aceto A, Dragani B, et al. “Long-term oral n-acetyl cysteine reduces exhaled hydrogen peroxide in stable COPD”. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. (2005);18(1):41-7
  9. Domitrovic R., Jakovac H., Romic Z., Rahelic D., Tadic Z. “Antifibrotic activity of Taraxacum officinale root in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage in mice”. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. (2010); 130: 569-577.
  10. Garozzo A, Tempera G, Ungheri D, Timpanaro R, Castro A. “N-acetyl cysteine synergizes with oseltamivir in protecting mice from lethal influenza infection”. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. (2007);20(2):349-54.
  11. Godfrey A., Saunders P. Principles and Practices of Naturopathic Botanical Medicine Volume 1: Botanical Medicine Monographs. Toronto: CCNM Press. 2010. Print.
  12. Hancke J., Burgos R., Ahumada F. “Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) baill". Fitoterapia. (1999); 70 : 451-471.
  13. Jones DP, Coates RJ, FLAGG EW, et al. “Glutathione in foods in the health of the National Cancer Institute's habits and history food frequency questionnaire below”. NutrCancer. (1992);17: 57-75
  14. Kim D., Jin Y., Park J. Kobashi K. “Silymarin and its components are inhibitors of B-Glucuronidase”.  Biol Pharm Bull. (1994); 17: 443-445.
  15. Kumar Das S., Vasudevan D. “Protective effects of silymarin, a milk thistle (Silybum marianum) derivative on ethanol-induced oxidative stress in liver”. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. (2006): 306-311.
  16. Majano PL, Medina J, Zubia I, et al. “N-Acetyl-cysteine modulates inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression in human hepatocytes”. J Hepatol. (2004);40(4):632-7.
  17. Makipour, Kian, and Frank K. Friedenberg. “The Potential Role of N-Acetylcysteine for the Treatment of Helicobacter Pylori.” Journal of clinical gastroenterology (2011); 45(10): 841–843.
  18. Manson M., Ball H., Barrett M., Clark H., Williamson J., Neal G. “Mechanism of action of dietary chemoprotective agents in rat liver: induction of phase I and II drug metabolizing enzymes and aflatoxin B1 metabolism”. Carcinogenesis. (1997); 18: 1729-1738.
  19. Marchetti A, Rossiter R. “Managing acute acetaminophen poisoning with oral versus intravenous N-acetyl cysteine: a provider-perspective cost analysis”. J Med Econ. (2009);12(4):384-91.
  20. Mohamed S., Ahmed H., Farrag A., Abdel-Azim N., Shahat A. “Cynara scolymus  for relieving on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis induced in rats”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. (2013); 5: 57-66.
  21. Saito C, Zwingmann C, Jaeschke H. “Novel mechanisms of protection against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity in mice by glutathione and N-acetyl cysteine”. Hepatology.(2010);51(1):246-54.
  22. Shaker E., Mahmoud H., Mnaa S. “Silymarin, the antioxidant component and Silybum marianum extracts prevent liver damage”. Food and Chemical Toxicology. (2010); 48: 803-806.
  23. Tirtha, Swami Sadashiva. The Ayurveda Encyclopedia: Natural Secrets to Healing, Prevention, and Longevity. Sat Yuga Press, 2007.
  24. Ungheri D, Pisani C, Sanson G, et al. “Protective effect of n-acetyl cysteine in a model of influenza infection in mice”. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. (2000);13(3):123-28.
  25. Yarnell E. “Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T. mongolicum).” Integrative Medicine. (2009); 8: 35-38.



Intermittent Fasting


  1. Arguin, H., I.J. Dionne, M. Sénéchal, D.R. Bouchard, A.C. Carpentier, J.L. Ardilouze, A. Tremblay, C. Leblanc, and M. Brochu. 2012. Short- and long-term effects of continuous versus intermittent restrictive diet approaches on body composition and the metabolic profile in overweight and obese postmenopausal women: a pilot study. Menopause. 19(8): 870-876.
  2. Dannecker, E.A., Y. Liu, R.S. Rector, T.R. Thomas, S.P. Sayers, C. Leeuwenburgh, and B.K. Ray BK. 2012. The effect of fasting on indicators of muscle damage. Experimental Gerontology. 22. pii: S0531-5565(12)00319-1.
  3. Faris, M.A., S. Kacimi, R.A. Al-Kurd, M.A. Fararjeh, Y.K. Bustanji, M.K. Mohammad, and M.L. Salem. 2012. Intermittent fasting during Ramadan attenuates proinflammatory cytokines and immune cells in healthy subjects. Nutrition Research. 32(12): 947-955.
  4. Wan, R., I. Ahmet, M. Brown, A. Cheng, N. Kamimura, M. Talan, and M.P. Mattson. 2009. Cardioprotective effect of intermittent fasting is associated with an elevation of adiponectin levels in rats. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 21(5):413-417.
  5. Williams, K.V., M.L. Mullen, D.E. Kelley, and R.R. Wing. 1998. The effect of short periods of caloric restriction on weight loss and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 21(1):2-8.





  1. Saraswati, Swami Satyananda. A systematic course in the ancient Tantric techniques of Yoga and Kriya. Yoga Publications Trust, 2004.



pH Balance


  1. Brown S. Jaffe R. “Acid-alkaline balance and its effect on bone health”. International Journal of Integrative Medicine. (2000); 2: 1-14.
  2. Brown S. “The Acid-Alkaline Food Guide” New York; Square One Publishers. 2013.
  3. Buclin T., Cosma M., Appenzeller M., Jacquet A., Decosterd L., Biollaz J. Burckhardt P. “Diet Acids and Alkalis Influence Calcium Retention in Bone”. Osteoporos Int. (2001); 12: 493-499.
  4. Bushinsky D. “Acid-base imbalance and the skeleton”. Eur J Nutr. (2001); 40: 238-244.
  5. Chan J., Santos F. “Renal tubular acidosis in childhood”. World Journal of Pediatrics. (2007); 3: 92-97.
  6. Cordain L., Eaton S., Sebastian A., Mann N., Lindeberg S., Watkins B., O’Keefe J., Brand-Miller J. “Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century”. Am J Clin Nutr. (2005); 81: 341-354.
  7. Cordain L., Toohey L., Smith M., Hickey M. “Modulation of immune function by dietary lectins in rheumatoid arthritis”. British Journal of Nutrition. (2000); 83: 207-217.
  8. Dawson-Hughes B. “Commentary: a revised clinician’s guide to the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis”. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol. (2008); 93: 2463-2465.
  9. Dawson-Hughes B., Harris S., Palermo N., Carmen P., Castaneda-Sceppa C., Rasmussen H., Dallal G. “Treatment with potassium bicarbonate lowers calcium excretion and bone resorption in older men and women”. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol. (2009); 94: 96-102.
  10. Demirbas A., Sarici H., Killinc M., Telli O., Doluoglu O., Bozkurt S. “The relationship between acidic urinary pH and overactive bladder; alkalization of urine improves the symptoms of overactive bladder”. Urol Int (2015); 95: 223-226.
  11. E’ale H. “Alkalizing vs. Acidifying Foods and Moods”. 2010. Retrieved online from:
  12. Ferruzzi M., Blakeslee J. “Digestion, absorption, and cancer preventative activity of dietary chlorophyll derivatives”. Nutrition Research. (2007); 27: 1-12.
  13. Frassetto L., Morris R., Sellmeyer D., Todd K., Sebastian A. “Diet, evolution and aging”. Eur J Nutr. (2001); 40: 200-213.
  14. Frassetto L., Todd K., Morris C., Sebastian A. “Estimation of net endogenous noncarbonic acid production in humans from diet potassium and protein contents”. Am J Clin Nutr. (1998); 68: 576-583.
  15. Gopi S., Varma K., George R. “A Short Review on the Medicinal Properties of Chlorophyll Juice”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology and Innovation. (2014); 2: 1-3.
  16. Horowitz S. “Acid-Base Balance, Health, and Diet. Alternative and Complementary Therapies. (2009); 15: 292-297.
  17. Jaffe R. “The Alkaline Way: integrative management of autoimmune conditions”. Townsend Letter. (2010); 44-50.
  18. Kovesdy C. “Metabolic acidosis and kidney disease: does bicarbonate therapy slow the progression of CKD?”. Nephrol Dial Transplant. (2012); 27: 3056-3062.
  19. Lardner A., “The effects of extracellular pH on immune function”. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. (2001); 69: 522-530.
  20. New S. “The role of the skeleton in acid-base homeostasis”. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. (2002); 61: 151-164.
  21. Parrish C. “Metabolic acidosis in patients with gastrointestinal disorders: metabolic and clinical consequences”. Nutrition Issues in Gastroenterology. (2009); 42-52.
  22. Pizzorno J., Frassetto L., Katzinger J. “Diet-induced acidosis: is it real and clinically relevant?”. British Journal of Nutrition. (2009); 1-10.
  23. Remer T. “Influence of Diet on Acid-base balance”. Seminars in Dialysis. (2000); 13: 221-226.
  24. Remer T. “Influence of nutrition on acid-base balance-metabolic aspects”. Eur J Nutr (2001); 40: 214-220.
  25. Remer T. Manz F. “Potential Renal Acid Load of Foods and its Influence on Urine pH”. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. (1995); 95: 791-797.
  26. Schwalfenberg G. “The alkaline diet: is there evidence that an alkaline pH diet benefits health?”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. (2012); 1-7.
  27. Sebastian A., Frassetto L., Sellmeyer D., Merriam R., Morris C. “Estimation of the net acid load of the diet of ancestral preagricultural Homo sapiens and their hominid ancestors”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. (2002); 76: 1308-1316.
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